Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex Injuries ( TFCC)

Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex Injuries ( TFCC)

 Understanding TFCC Injuries: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Learn about TFCC injuries, their causes, symptoms, and treatment options. Discover effective rehabilitation strategies for optimal wrist recovery.

The TFCC (Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex) is crucial for wrist stability and smooth movements. It consists of the TFC, radioulnar ligaments, ulnolunate and ulnotriquetral ligaments, and the ulnocarpal meniscal homologue.

Causes of TFCC Injuries

Traumatic Causes:

  • Falls: Landing on an outstretched hand.
  • Direct Impact: Sudden blows to the wrist.
  • Forceful Rotation: Rapid, forceful wrist movements.

Degenerative Causes:

  • Aging: Deterioration over time.
  • Repetitive Strain: Continuous, repetitive motions.

Symptoms of TFCC Injuries

  • Pain on the ulnar side of the wrist.
  • Swelling and weakness.
  • Clicking or popping sounds.
  • Instability and looseness.

Diagnosis of TFCC Injuries

  • Clinical Examination: History, palpation, range of motion tests, and special maneuvers.
  • Imaging: X-rays, MRI, and MR arthrography.
  • Arthroscopy: Direct visualization for definitive diagnosis.

Treatment Options for TFCC Injuries

Conservative Treatment:

  • Rest and immobilization.
  • Medications (NSAIDs).
  • Hand therapy and exercises.

Minimally Invasive Treatments:

  • Corticosteroid injections.
  • Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) injections.

Surgical Treatment:

  • Arthroscopic debridement and repair.
  • Open surgical repair.
  • Ulnar shortening osteotomy.


Post-Treatment Phases:

  • Initial Phase: Pain management and gentle exercises.
  • Intermediate Phase: Strengthening and flexibility exercises.
  • Advanced Phase: Intensive strengthening, functional training, and sport-specific drills.


Recovery depends on injury severity, timeliness of treatment, patient compliance, and presence of chronic conditions. Early diagnosis and proper management are crucial for optimal recovery.


TFCC injuries affect wrist function and daily activities. Early diagnosis and a tailored treatment plan are essential for recovery. Conservative treatments are often effective, but surgery is an option for severe cases. Rehabilitation is key to restoring wrist function and preventing recurrence. Consult a healthcare provider experienced in wrist injuries for the best outcomes.

Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex Injuries ( TFCC) Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex Injuries ( TFCC)